Edinburgh enjoys a mild climate and rarely sees temperatures fall below freezing in the winter months. Edinburgh is sometimes nicknamed the "Athens of the North" since it was one of the major centers of the Enlightenment. The most iconic symbol of Scotland and one that dominates Edinburgh's skyline is Edinburgh Castle. The impressive structure sits on Castle Rock and is Scotland's most visited tourist attraction. Extending from Edinburgh Castle is the Royal Mile, which takes tourists to Holyrood Park. There, guests can tour Holyroodhouse, the official residence of the monarch of Scotland and the ruins of Holyrood Abbey. Edinburgh is steeped in history, much of which has been preserved in these photo worthy sites. Surrounding these famous places and within the boundaries of Holyrood Park is groups of hills which showcase the incredible beauty of Edinburgh. The main peak in the group of hills is Arthur's Seat. It is about a mile east of Edinburgh Castle and is a popular and easy highland to climb. From the summit of Arthur's Seat, tourists are rewarded with panoramic views of the city and some of the wildest highland scenery imaginable. Just west of Arthur's Seat lie Salisbury Crags. These 46-meter cliffs are a site to see and are open for rock-climbers to test their skills on.
Other points of interest in Edinburgh include Old Town, which has preserved its Medieval plan and many of its Reformation-era buildings and the Edinburgh Zoo, Scotland's second most popular attraction after Edinburgh Castle. Visitors to Edinburgh may also want to revel at the Edinburgh Festival, a popular series of festivals that run during the summer months and at Hogmanay, a New Year's street party celebration that draws hundreds of thousands of people each year.